Deep red and yellow nodding, bell-like flowers bloom in late spring, attracting hummingbirds and other pollinators. Low maintenance and deer resistant, it is a perfect companion for spring bulbs and puts on a great show when grouped. This is a good choice for shade gardens, woodland gardens, rock gardens, and naturalized areas.
In the Eastern US and Canada south to the Gulf of Mexico and west to the Plains States.
Map Credit: The Biota of North America
Map Key: Green (native), Teal (native, adventive), Blue (present), Yellow (present & rare), Red (extinct)
An old-fashioned garden plant, Columbine has been cultivated in Europe and America since the mid-1600s. Native Americans used infusions from different parts of the plant for a variety of ailments including a wash for poison ivy. When pulverized, the seeds were rubbed on the hands by Native American men as a love charm.
Grows easily in full sun to part shade. Tolerates a wide range of soils except for heavy, poorly drained ones. Will grow in rocky, dry soil in shaded areas and on slopes. Keep soils uniformly moist after bloom to prevent the foliage from dying back. If foliage deteriorates, cut plants to the ground. Fresh new foliage will emerge and look good all season. Collect dried seed pods and sow them where you want more plants or simply let the plants self-sow.