Quercus bicolor
Swamp White Oak

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Butterfly FriendlyFull SunDeer ResistantBird Friendly
Swamp White Oak
Quercus bicolor

Swamp white oak is a deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown. The dark, shiny green leaves are silver on the bottom side. Fall color is usually yellow, but sometimes reddish purple. Though ornamentally insignificant, flowers bloom in April attracting pollen-seeking insects that attract migrating vireos, tanagers and warblers in search of a meal. Large acorns mature in early fall providing food for deer, wild turkey, black bear, fox and gray squirrels. Indigenous to moist, bottomland locations, this oak has surprisingly good drought resistance.

Grows relatively fast for an oak
Pollen and emerging leaves attract a long list of pollinators and other insects
Insect-eating migrating birds visit the tree looking for pollinating insects at work
Acorns are a major food source for a variety of wildlife
Larval food source for many of the dusky wings and hairstreak butterflies
Will grow in low, moist areas

Native Range

Swamp forests and floodplains; Maine and southern Quebec to Minnesota south to Missouri, Tennessee, and North Carolina.

Interesting Facts

Oak species account for one-third of the hardwood timber volume in the United States. Swamp white oak is not distinguished from white oak in commercial production. It is a heavy, hard wood used for furniture, flooring, boxes, crates, barrels, kegs, ships and boats.


Easy to grow in full sun. Plant in medium to moist, acidic soil. This is a large tree so give it plenty of room to reach full size.

Mature Size: 50-60ft. Wide x 50-60ft. Tall

Hardiness Zone: 4-8

Sun Exposure: Full Sun

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