Quercus bicolor - Swamp White Oak
Swamp White Oak
Swamp white oak has a broad, rounded crown and dark, shiny green leaves. Fall color is yellow to reddish purple. Flowers attract pollen-seeking insects that attract spring migrating birds. Acorns mature in early fall providing food for many species. This oak has surprisingly good drought resistance.
- Grows relatively fast for an oak
- Pollen and emerging leaves attract many insects
- Insect-eating birds visit the tree for food
- Acorns are a major food source for many critters
- Larval food source for many butterflies
Swamp forests and floodplains; Maine and southern Quebec to Minnesota south to Missouri, Tennessee, and North Carolina.
Map Credit: The Biota of North America
Map Key: Green (native), Teal (native, adventive), Blue (present), Yellow (present & rare), Red (extinct)
Despite the name Swamp White Oak, the tree prefers occasionally saturated soils rather than continually flooded soil. The leaves displaying both green and silver give the tree its bicolor epithet.
Grows well in average, moist, well-drained, or occasionally wet acidic soil.