Betula nigra - River Birch
River Birch is more tolerant of soil and sun conditions than other birch trees. The bark ranges from salmon-pink to reddish brown and peels to display lighter bark underneath. Grows as both single-trunk and multi-trunk depending on cultivation.
- One of the most easygoing and heat tolerant of the birch varieties.
- Fast-growing with multi-colored bark
- Birds and other mammals feed on the seeds in the winter
- Provides cover and nest sites for many birds
- Larval food source for many butterfly species
Map Credit: The Biota of North America
Map Key: Green (native), Teal (native, adventive), Blue (present), Yellow (present & rare), Red (extinct)
River birch grows well in wet soil and full sun providing an excellent choice for erosion control.
Adaptable to wet, moist, and well-drained acidic soil.