Tussock sedge grows in 2-3' tall clumps about 2' wide. As old leaves die, they build up around the living plant, making a "tussock" or little hill. It grows in or near water and spreads by rhizomes to make new clumps. As new tussocks form, they trap water between them, helping other aquatic plants get established. It also creates quality cover for breeding frogs, toads, salamanders and insects. Plants are great nest and perching sites for birds, including ducks, small herons, swamp and song sparrows, geese, and others. Other birds use leaves and stems to build nests and a number of birds and small mammals such as mallard, wood duck, wild turkey, cardinal, junco, squirrels feed on the seeds.
Provides habitat for amphibians
Provides cover and nest sites for a number of birds including waterfowl
Birds and small mammals feed on the seed
Larval food source for Northern Eyed and Appalachian Browns, Sedge and Two Spotted Skippers and the rare Mitchell's Satyr, as well as other butterflies
Will grow in wet soils or standing water
Maine to North Dakota, south to Illinois and North Carolina.
You can tell sedges and rushes apart by remembering the old rhyme, "Sedges have edges but rushes are round." Sedges have long, green, triangular stems with rough edges while rushes (Juncus) have smooth round stems.
Sun to light shade. Best color in full sun. Prefers consistently moist, fertile soil but tolerates drier conditions. Thrives in shallow standing water. Suffers under drought stress. Most effective when planted en masses.