A tall shrub or small tree with fragrant yellow flowers that open in late October or early November providing nectar for migrating insects. It takes a full year for the fruit to mature. When the seed capsule splits open in fall, 1-2 black seeds explode out of it, landing up to 30 feet away. Various birds and wildlife eat the seed after it falls to the ground. Upright spreading branches are perfect nesting sites for a variety of birds. Deep, golden yellow fall leaf color can be outstanding.
Good source of nectar late in the season
Fragrant, bright yellow flowers in late fall
Great fall foliage color
Provides nesting sites for many different birds
A tough, adaptable plant suitable for a variety of garden uses
Wooded slopes, floodplains, damp woods and thickets; Nova Scotia, southern Quebec and southern Ontario to eastern Minnesota south to eastern Texas and central Florida.
Twigs, leaves and bark are the basis of witchhazel extract. The extract is an astringent used to treat inflammation, insect bites, poison ivy and other skin and eye irritations.
Grows best in moist, acidic, rich soil in partial shade.