Acer saccharum - Sugar Maple
Sugar maple is one of the trees responsible for giving New England its reputation for spectacular fall color, as the medium green leaves turn brilliant yellow or red-orange in autumn. The familiar two-winged “helicopter” seed is a favorite food of chipmunks, and they store it away in winter larders.
- Birds and other mammals eat the seeds
- Provides cover and nest sites for many birds
- Excellent shade tree
- Outstanding fall color
- Maple syrup is tapped from the trunks of the tree
Rich woods, especially on limestone; Nova Scotia to Minnesota and eastern South Dakota to Missouri and Virginia, and in the mountains to Georgia.
Map Credit: The Biota of North America
Map Key: Green (native), Teal (native, adventive), Blue (present), Yellow (present & rare), Red (extinct)
Native Americans taught the early colonists how to tap the trees to make maple syrup which is now a big business.
Grows well in average to moist soils with full sun to part shade. Prefers slightly acidic soil.