Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar

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Deer ResistantPart Shade
Eastern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana

This evergreen conifer is the best bird attracting tree in Eastern North America. Its 25' pyramidal form provides dense cover year round, and its shredding bark is used by many birds for nest construction. Female trees produce round, gray or bluish berry-like cones which 80 species of birds adore. Cedar waxwings earned their common name because of their reliance on the fruit.

Dense evergreen provides year round cover and nesting sites for many birds
80 species of birds feed on the fruit
Host plant for olive hairstreak butterfly
Fragrant foliage and wood
Adapts to almost any growing condition and makes a good windbreak

Native Range

Old fields, pastures, roadsides, balds, and margins of swamps from southern Quebec to southern Ontario, Minnesota and southern Iowa south to Texas and Florida.

Interesting Facts

The Eastern red cedar is a valuable commercial tree. The heartwood is reddish-brown and aromatic, and is commonly used for cedar chests and closets because it repels insects. The wood is also used for interior finish, fence posts, poles and pencils.


Easy to grow in full sun. Prefers moist soils, but has the best drought resistance of any conifer native to the eastern U. S. Tolerates a wide range of soils and growing conditions, from swamps to dry rocky areas. Plant in masses to assure good berry set.

Mature Size: 25-30ft. Wide x 10-12ft. Tall

Hardiness Zone: 4-9

Sun Exposure: Part Shade

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