Lupinus perennis - Sundial Wild Lupine

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Full SunPart Shade Butterfly FriendlyDeer ResistantBird Friendly
Sundial Wild Lupine
Lupinus perennis

Beautiful blue flowers adorn the plants from spring into summer. The palmate leaf is attractive all year long. Perfect for a dry, sandy site. This lupine enhances soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen into a useful form. It is pollinated by a wide variety of bees. It is the larval host plant for Karner Blue, Frosted Elfin, Wild Indigo Duskywing, and the Persius Duskywing butterflies and skippers. Deer tend to leave this plant alone.

  • Butterflies flock to the bluish-purple flowers!
  • Fixes nitrogen in the soil, enhancing other plants
  • Thrives in gravelly, well-drained soils
  • Deer resistant, well suited to full sun
  • Attractive foliage provides great cover for wildlife
  • Flowers are great in cut arrangements

Native Range

Sunny meadows from Maine west to Minnesota and south to Georgia and Texas.


Sundial Wild Lupine is in the pea family.  The plant does not need to be fertilized; in fact, it actually adds fertilizer to the soil by fixing atmospheric nitrogen, providing a better growing environment for its fellow meadow-dwelling plants.

Sundial Wild Lupine is the only known host plant for the Karner Blue butterfly caterpillar. Habitat loss has led to the decline and put the Karner Blue on the endangered species list.



Plant in full or partial sun, in mesic to dry conditions. While adaptable, this lupine prefers a slightly acidic soil containing sand or sandy loam. 


Mature Size: 2-3ft. Tall x 15-18in. Wide

Hardiness Zone: 3-9

Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade

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