Parthenocissus quinquefolia - Virginia Creeper
Virginia creeper climbs vigorously, attaching to walls and other surfaces with adhesive disks. 5-fingered leaves mature to green in summer and change to crimson-red in fall. Small green-white flowers give rise to clusters of dark blue berries, which are a source of food for migrating songbirds.
- Good fall color
- Fast grower adapts to a variety of conditions
- Provides cover and nest sites for many birds
- Larval food for a number of hawk moths
- Source of berries for birds in summer and fall
Woods and clearings: Maine to Ohio and Nebraska south to Texas and Florida.
Map Credit: The Biota of North America
Map Key: Green (native), Teal (native, adventive), Blue (present), Yellow (present & rare), Red (extinct)
Virginia Creeper can sometimes look like Poison Ivy, but the common rhyme helps differentiate the two, "Leaves of three, let it be; leaves of five, let it thrive." Virginia Creeper foliage won't cause a severe reaction like Poison Ivy, but could still cause irritation for some.
Grows well in average moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to full shade.