Xanthorhiza simplicissima - Yellowroot
This easy-to-grow woody groundcover easily spreads to form a 1-3' mound, even in shade. It thrives in average to moist, slightly acidic soil. Small purple flowers bloom in spring and later produce star-shaped fruits that native birds and other small animals love. Outstanding fall color.
- Great food source for ground-feeding birds
- Provides cover for a wide range of wildlife
- Great for stream banks and erosion control
- Can grow and thrive in very shady situations
- Outstanding yellow to red and purple fall color
Map Credit: The Biota of North America
Map Key: Green (native), Teal (native, adventive), Blue (present), Yellow (present & rare), Red (extinct)
Yellowroot gets its name from the deep-yellow colored bark and roots. A yellow dye can be produced from its roots.
Grows well in acidic, humus-rich, moist, well-drained soil in partial shade. Yellowroot will tolerate wet, dry, or heavy clay conditions.