American Hazelnut Corylus americana Dark green leaves and multiple stems for a dense canopy that offers ample shelter to small critters and birds. Its clusters of fuzzy fruits in Sept. - Oct. are a delight for many small woodland critters, as is the fall color for humans. Perfect for the back of a border for naturalizing.
Nuts eaten by birds and squirrels
Yellowish-brown catkins are showy in late winter and early spring
Fall color varies from bright yellow to deep wine-red
May be grown as a screen
Lovely grown informally in naturalized areas
Attractive shades of orange, rose, purplish red, yellow fall color
Moist woods, drier clearing or thickets from North Dakota east to Maine and south from Louisiana to Georgia.
Native Americans used the hazelnuts from this plant to flavor soups. Today these sweet nuts are enjoyed raw or ground and baked into a cake like bread. Deer, small mammals, ruffled grouse and other large birds feast on them as well.
Nuts are similar in flavor to the European filbert, and may be roasted and eaten or ground into flour, but are also commonly left for the squirrels and birds.
Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prompt removal of root suckers will help maintain plant appearance, and, if desired, help prevent thicket formation.